Leucoderma

Leucoderma is the gradual loss of skin pigment, called melanin, from layers of the skin. White patches occur all over the body including face, scalp and genitals.

Causes

Excessive stress or worry, chronic gastric problems or improper liver functions, excessive consumption of opposite food items (e.g. milk and fish together), worms/parasites in the digestive system, burns and injuries and heredity may be responsible for causing leucoderma.

Symptoms

         White patches (de-pigmentation) on skin

         Premature graying of scalp hair, eyelashes

Ayurvedic View

According to Ayurveda, Leucoderma is caused due to the aggravation of Pitta Dosha. Pitta is an Ayurvedic humor which symbolizes heat or fire, and is manifested in the skin. Aggravated Pitta leads to accumulation of ama (toxins) in deep layers of the skin, leading to the condition of Leucoderma.

Pitta is of five types; one of them is Bhrajak Pitta that gives coloration to skin. In the case of Leucoderma, Bhrajak Pitta is in an imbalanced state, and therefore, the skin starts losing its color and white patches appear. Along with Pitta Dosha, deeper body tissues like Rasa Dhatu (nutrient plasma), Rakta (blood), Mansa (muscles), Lasika (lymph) are also involved in the disease.

Treatment consists of pacifying imbalanced body energies, cleansing the blood and administrating herbs that restore skin color. Poor digestion is the root cause of this disease, as it causes the build-up of toxins in the tissues. An essential part of treatment, therefore, is restoring digestion. The patient will also be advised on the correct diet and lifestyle adjustments to prevent recurrence of the disorder.

Diet & Lifestyle Advice

         Increase consumption of vegetables that are bitter in taste, like drumsticks and bitter gourd.

         Stay away from difficult to digest foods, sour taste, excessive salt, curd, fish, jaggery and sesame seeds.

         Avoid consumption of opposite foods, such as fish and milk together.

         Have sound and adequate sleep daily.

         Do not over-expose yourself to excessive cold or heat conditions.

Home Remedies

         Make a paste of Bakuchi (Psoralea Corylifolia) and coconut oil and apply over the white patches and expose it to early sunrays (morning sunlight) for 15 minutes.

         Take about 500 gm of turmeric and 8 liters of water, boil until it shrinks to a liter. Now, filter the solution and add about 500 ml of mustard oil. Apply this mixture twice a day on the leucoderma patches. Soak 50 gm of tamarind seeds in water for 3-4 days, then let them dry out well and grind them to a paste. Mix the powder with water to a paste and apply it to affected areas daily, until the patches disappear.

         Mix turmeric powder well with mustard oil and apply externally on the patches.