Epistaxis

Epistaxis

Haemorrhage or bleeding from the nose is called epistaxis. It is a sign of vitiated body heat and is often associated with high blood pressure and some other systemic diseases caused by excessive heat in the body. Many people suffer from epistaxis during the hot summer months.

Causes

Factors such as excessive heat, intake of hot, spicy food and alcohol are the general causes of epistaxis. Local causes such as trauma on the nose, irritants in the air, inserting sharp object in the nose, blowing the nose very strongly can cause epistaxis. Diseases like sinusitis, rhinitis, hypertension, tumours in the nasal area, heart diseases, liver diseases, alcoholism, and malignancies such as leukaemia, deficiency of platelets, and Vitamin C and K can also cause epistaxis.

Symptoms

  • Bleeding through nose

Consultation on Call

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Ayurvedic View

From Ayurvedic perspective nasal bleeding indicates aggravation of pitta. Aggravated pitta mixes with rakta dhatu (blood tissue) to cause epistaxis. It can occur as an independent disease or as a symptom of diseases like urdhwaga raktapitta, kamala and so on. Ayurveda utilizes herbal preparations that contain haemostatic herbs for internal and external usage that help check bleeding.

Diet & Lifestyle Advice

  • Some people, especially those having pitta constitution display a tendency to suffer from epistaxis repeatedly. Such individuals should avoid hot, spicy food and spices like pepper.
  • Drinking excessive tea, coffee or alcohol must be avoided.
  • Playing or walking in hot sun should be avoided. Avoid high temperature environments and humid places.
  • Avoid keeping awake at night.
  • Drink sufficient amount of water, milk, coconut water, grapes, etc.
  • Eat gulkand and amla jam regularly.

Home Remedies

  • Place crushed iced into a plastic zipper-type bag and cover with a towel. (A bag of frozen vegetables works fine, too.) Place the compress on the bridge of the nose and hold until well after the bleeding stops.
  • Take a cloth or cotton ball and wet it with white vinegar. Plug it in the nostril that’s bleeding. Vinegar helps seal up the blood vessel wall.
  • Drink 1/4 cup of amla juice with water once daily. You can also apply fresh amla paste on the center of the head or skull to stop nose bleeding.
  • Keeping the head in an elevated position reduces also nasal bleeding.