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Interstitial cystitis is a chronic inflammatory condition of the bladder. It causes urgent, painful urination and pelvic discomfort. People with interstitial cystitis have a bladder wall that is inflamed and irritated (red and sore). This inflammation can scar the bladder or make it stiff. It also does not store urine well. In some cases, the walls of the bladder may even bleed slightly.
Exact cause of interstitial cystitis has not been determined.
According to Ayurveda, interstitial cystitis (IC) appears due to aggravation of vata and pitta dosha. Vata is an Ayurvedic humor, which governs all movements in the mind and body. It is cold, mobile, subtle, light and dry in nature. More specifically apana vata seems to be involved, which is a subdosha of vata dosha. Apana vata is located in the lower pelvic region, and is responsible for the elimination of menstrual blood, stool, urine, and reproductive fluids. The next dosha that is involved is pitta. Pitta symbolizes heat or fire. Pain is a sign of aggravated vata dosha, and a burning sensation of aggravated pitta dosha.
Aggravated vata and pitta produces specific toxins. These toxins accumulate in the pelvic region, bladder, urethra and anal region. Accumulation of toxins lead to pain, frequent urination and a burning sensation in urine. The Ayurvedic diagnosis for this disease is referred to as ‘Ushna Vata’.